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Medium. If the area is relatively level, you can span more posts. For this fence, with 6-foot pickets, the lower edge of the top rails will be 5 feet, 4-1/2 inches above the ground. In this tutorial, weâre going to show you how to build your very own picket fence. Fence Installation Steps 1. Starting with corner or end posts, use your auger to dig a hole 6â-12â in diameter and 24 to 36â deep. Find a helper. Batter boards allow you to adjust the strings easily. Cut the excess from the bottom. Concrete was then added to these holes. Remove the strings because this will make digging post holes easier. Building a new fence using a combination of wood and metal is an excellent way to beautify your backyard. For more on batter boards, watch Making and Using Batter Boards. 1 year ago. wow, nice job! Construct the frame with screws. Drill pilot holes in the ends of boards to prevent splitting when you nail or screw them together. Line up the gate-side elements and attach them to the gate with screws. If you're working on a slope, follow the steps below to get the best placement for the pickets. Making the gate frame, you're screwing into end grain. The rails for the next run should overlap these rail ends and be flush with the rail faces. Building a fence is the easiest way to give your property some extra safety, security and privacy from the road or your neighbours. Continue installing pickets along the run, spacing them 3-1/2 inches apart. The first thing to do is decide where you want your fence. It may take a couple of days to set all of the posts. Consider creative options like this when building your own fence. The worst thing to do would be to not think through the location and weigh all possible considerations, and then build a fence in a place where you end up not liking it! When drilling your holes, remember that about 1/3 of your post will be under ground, and that the lower rail should be about 1 foot above ground level. This process works best in areas where the slope doesn't change much. Read more about pressure-treated lumber and wood preservatives. But before you start building a fence, there are a few things you should know first. Install corner pickets at the desired height, and tap a nail into the top of each picket. Some fences follow the terrain while others are created with level tops - it's just up to what you need and want. 1 year ago If not, adjust the strings on the batter boards. I am a bit confused as to which diagonal is the main one that is flush with the front of the fence vs the other one which helps with the warping? Chain Use stakes or marking paint. Alternatively, use a string tied at the desired level for the. I'm forced to conclude that "professional" means he was from [nearby large town], and (2) he has a nailgun. Alternatively, you can use a table saw to rip the picket — cut along its length — to the correct width. Set each picket on the board as you're installing along the slope. Pressure-treated lumber should be stained or painted every few years. Learn. This method is helpful in areas where the slope is uneven and changes frequently. Prices, Promotions, styles, and availability may vary. Metal & Chain Link. After a bit of fine tuning I had a handle and latch in place and working properly. To speed up the building process, make sure all the rails are in position before starting to attach the pickets. I did. Place a picket on the first post, with the bottom approximately 1" above the ground. You can choose between regular-set and fast-set options. An 8-foot high wooden privacy fence using treated lumber can be built over the course of 2 days, depending upon the length of the fence. Consider if you want a 4 ft fence, a 6 ft fence or an 8 ft fence. This instructable covers how I built a simple wooden fence with locking gate. Attach the rails to the posts. There are a couple of ways to keep them at the correct height. Begin by installing the pickets on the exterior side of the fence. Line up the tops of the remaining pickets with the string, and don't push on the string while installing. Removing Fence Posts. They have lasted many years. A solid or close boarded fence is, as its name implies, a design which consists of upright or horizontal strips of wood, some 6in (15cm) wide and 1in (2-2.5cm) thick. For holes next to the house, use a shovel, post hole digger and digging bar. You might also need to remove an old fence prior to starting. Depending on where you live, you may also need a building permit. The hardware for the gate on this fence required an additional built-out piece on the latch-side gate post. Follow these five steps to dig your post holes and set the fence posts. My gate ended up with a slight warp, so a second brace was added to counteract the warp. Your fence will follow the contour of the ground more closely. Determine a layout that'll allow you to use full pickets at the corners. With the two end posts in place, I screwed a 10-foot board across the span and used this to position the interior posts and mark their precise locations. The fence I planned was simple: cedar picket, fifty feet, with a swinging gate in the middle. Use blocks or brackets for rails that are used on the posts' bodies. A fence can improve your home's curb appeal, provide security, increase privacy, and offer protection from the elements. Make sure it's plumb, then nail it in place. The Costs of Fence Construction . Diagonal cross-braces like this should always angle downward to the lower hinge. Galvanized posts like you show in the photo would have been much better, and equal work. The hinges were added at this point. These are just basic Home Depot gate hinges which come with lag screws for installation. If you're working next to the house, make sure the rails extend to the house so the pickets will provide full coverage. Make sure the fence provides the privacy you want as you learn how to build a fence. I don't recall putting any kind of finish on any of the wood. You'll reattach them before you set the posts. Attach ârot boardsâ Instead of just using a 2×4 at the bottom, we also used a ârot boardâ. Before you learn how to build a wire fence, carefully plan and mark the location of the fence posts and gate. The gate was made from common framing lumber (2x4s), and it's holding up great to this day. Step 1: Start on the Highest Ground. It allows for wood changes, and makes post removal a heck of a lot easier (lighter) should that become a necessity.Better living thru technology! Share it with us! on Step 14. The diagonal between these points should be 5 feet. Measure and rip-cut the final picket as necessary to fit and maintain proper spacing. The gate information will help me on a driveway fence/gate that I am building. It took about a half hour to remove all of them. Follow the product manufacturer’s guidelines for preparation and application. * Wood fencing material cost is based on the national average for 6â²-0 high wood fencing (material only). Overlap the outside pickets by 1 inch on each side. Follow these steps to mark the layout and establish the post locations. I would think that the dry mix would get wet and harden unevenly, creating pockets of dry mix that never harden, thus a weaker structure. Periodically use a level to make sure the pickets are plumb. Errors will be corrected where discovered, and Lowe's reserves the right to revoke any stated offer and to correct any errors, inaccuracies or omissions including after an order has been submitted. Run the string line to represent either the outside or inside perimeter of the fence. For batter boards next to the house, transfer the string locations to the house in case you need to remove the batter board to dig. At your gate posts, cut 2 by 4s to fit between the rails. Some codes might require the depth to be below the frost line — the level at which water in the soil typically freezes — to help prevent heave (when the ground pushes up the posts) during a freeze. With the posts cemented in position, I removed the supports and trimmed the post tops so they were all level with each other. How To Build A Fence Without Building A Fence. On short runs, rip-cut the pickets as necessary. The screws were installed with a socket wrench. Hold the frame in place and mark the holes for hinges. Let the concrete cure and then remove the braces and top off the holes with dirt. Measure and cut a middle rail to run between the vertical gate rails. Step 6 - Join the Posts Anyway, the needed moisture comes from the surrounding soil and gets superstrong. Cut two horizontal gate rails to length. I am preparing to replace the fence and posts. All the hard work is mostly done! This component-built fence, where you attach the pickets individually rather than in pre-assembled panels, will use 6-foot pickets that are 5-1/2 inches wide. See our Nailer/Nail Gun Buying Guide to learn about selecting and using a nailer. Darla is an incredibly sweet basset hound that needs a closed yard to keep her safe from her olfactory wanderlust. Attach the wood fence rails or wood fence panels to the posts. According to data from Home Advisor, the average cost to build a fence is anywhere from $1,663 to over $4,000, with the average sitting around $2,800. Some additional support boards had to be added and a lot of boring out holes with spade bits and careful routing were required. 2. In the 2nd photo in step 14, this board is the one that appears closest to the camera. Don't use pressure-treated wood as mulch. Use wood rated for ground contact when necessary for the project. You can use 2 rails or more, depending oâ¦ This fence was made specifically with her in mind, but is part of a much larger full makeover of my yard. I dug the holes for my end posts first, and then used scrap 2x4 boards to temporarily anchor them in perfectly plumb position. Lots of great points and things people need to consider; thank you for adding to the conversation. Remember to let the rails extend all the way to the house. This shadowbox fence has pickets alternating on each side, offering some privacy but allowing you to look through the fence at an angle. Use string or a 2 by 4 as you did on the outside pickets to maintain the correct height. However, where I live is pretty dry so fences ultimately turn just turn gray and keep standing until someone takes them down. Not sure about that either? Go dig out some old fenceposts. Install the next picket flush against the spacer to get the proper 3-1/2-inch spacing and to keep the picket plumb. I'll update it! 2 Days. Obviously I am a novice, so Thank you for the information. After more alternating wet and dry periods, the posts will rot at the ground line. The slats will cover the difference. If the ground is too sloped or uneven, use a short 2-by-4 board across the top of the pickets as a guide. The strings help you line up the posts. When you install the gate, you'll fasten the hinges to these support boards. If the contour of the ground immediately below a picket makes the picket too tall, turn it bottom-end up and mark at the correct height. If you have buried utilities where you live, you need to call the buried utility authority and have them come out and mark any buried lines, and then follow any guidelines they provide regarding excavation. on Step 14, You didn’t specify what wood you used... I’m guessing 4x4 for uprights and what for the horizontal slats, Answer Frost lines vary by region. After establishing the post hole locations, use a pencil to mark the positions of the string on the batter boards. The gate was made by first creating an external frame of 2x4s that were screwed together with exterior screws installed through pre-drilled and countersunk holes. When it comes to the order in which you build, start with the fence first. However, if they show any signs of weakening I will certainly add blocks as you suggest; that's a very good tip, thanks! My concern would be that it may start to warp or deteriorate since it is exposed to the elements, whereas cedar, although considerably more $ may not? Sorry for the confusion. I'm not going to build a new fence, but wanted to see if I could learn something. It is a moderately easy job. You should be made aware with the instructions on how to build a welded wire fence or barbed one before you start working. ???? To build a picket fence, you can either purchase the fence panels which come with the rails or purchase the pickets and rails separately. Mine opened, but it was a tight fit and bound up just a little. In areas with a significant slope, use shorter rails rather than spanning several posts with long rails. Masonâs line is a good choice because it is strong and flexible enough to be pulled tightly. Wooden Do it Yourself Fences. Use string and batter boards to lay out the fence. The hinges were carefully positioned as desired and the locations for the screws were marked and pre-drilled. Continue installing pickets, using your spacer periodically to check for plumb. This is what I did. Use a jigsaw to cut the pickets to fit around posts as needed. Make sure the lower rail is a minimum of 2 inches from the ground. You may build a 6-ft. high privacy fence only to find that the next-door neighbors can easily see over when theyâre lounging on their deck. Don't secure it to the end of the fence rail. I know it doesn't harden unevenly, capillary action /osmosis distributes the water. Plan gate post locations. Reply Set a 2 by 4 on its face to use it as a 1-1/2-inch guide along the bottom. You got me wondering why, so I went to other websites and saw the same thing. Measure between the top and bottom rail locations to determine the placement of the middle rail. For fence posts, some will need holes straight through for the straight sections of your fence. If you put a block of 2x4 inside each corner, and screw into that from both directions, your joints will be far stronger. So double check the rules prior to building. As you turn a corner, be sure the edge of the first picket in the new run is flush with the face of the last picket in the previous run. The gate was propped into position and clamped in place with a few paint stirrers acting as temporary shims to provide a little stand-off on the hinge side. Set a post on the dry concrete, flush against the layout line, but without pushing it outward. The next step for building a fence is to attach rails at both the top and the model. Keep your tape measure level for accurate spacing. The post hole diameter is typically about 3 times the width of the post. Measure the horizontal distance between gate posts and subtract the space needed for the thickness of the hinges and latch. Fill the bottom of the first hole with about 6 inches of dry concrete mix. How do you know how strong it gets? Follow these five steps to install the fence rails. On slopes, be sure to split the difference in height of the adjacent outside pickets. Got it!! anchor 3x3x1/4 angle iron in the concrete and bolting the posts to them keeping them completely above ground. Keep the strings 6 inches away from your property line. Dispose of sawdust and waste according to local regulations. I know we use it reliably building wheelchair ramps etc. To learn more about different types of fencing, see our Fence Materials Guide. Youâll also need 2 end posts with holes only in one side, and corner posts with holes that DONâT go all the way through, but instead are set so the rails can come off at two different angles. In fact, one of our neighbours said our house looked like a âghost houseâ because it was so dark and eerie! Take down your batter boards and strings. Drill pilot holes in the support board and attach the gate with screws. Cut and attach the piece if needed, and take it into account when measuring for the gate rails. Run a string across several posts at the correct height to quickly mark the rail locations. The strips are nailed to two or more supporting rails at the rear of the panel. Each set attaches differently, and you'll need to take that into account for gate post spacing. The upper edge of the bottom rails should be about 9-1/2 inches above the ground. While pre-assembled wood fence panels make installation faster, a component-built fence follows the contours of your yard better. After utilities were marked, I carefully laid out where I wanted my fence posts, and spray painted their locations on the ground. Cut two vertical gate rails to length. The remaining slats were added to complete the side sections, and the fence was done. Attach a short block of 2 by 4 to the back of a longer, straight 2 by 4. But metal posts are definitely a good long-term choice, especially in a climate as you describe. Question A job which will be easier much with the angle iron in pace. But in a normal situation, this board would not be needed - you'd only need the one showing behind, that angles down toward the lower hinge (hinge is hidden in that photo as it is on the other side of the fence). It may have small air pockets, but they don't hurt anything. 5 months ago. It foams up sturdy and becomes a firm solid, turning a dark brown color in about 15 mins. Set the first post, and after leveling and securing it, mark a â¦ The word is the gate (and other parts of the fence) I'm going to repair were built by a "professional." As you reach the end of your fence, cut the final rails to fit as needed. We get a â¦ To securely set the posts, fill the bottom of your hole with a layer of gravel and place the â¦ Use exterior-grade fasteners rated for pressure-treated lumber. The strings mark the outside faces of the posts. Typical spacing is between 6 feet and 8 feet on center (from the center of one post to the center of the next). I drilled pilot holes with a tapered, countersinking bit and used a long, coarse-threaded screws for these corner joints. Reset your layout lines using the marks you made earlier on the batter boards. After a few days I removed the 2x4 supports. Add concrete mix to the post holes. Place the batter boards just beyond where your fence corners will be located and run strings between them. The Prefab Fence. Consider gate hardware. The final picket at a corner should be flush with the rail ends. Plumb the first picket in a run with a level and position it at the correct height. Let me see if I can clarify.Under normal circumstances you will only need one angled brace for a gate like this, the bottom of which should sit next to the bottom hinge, and this brace should ideally keep the gate from sagging over time.In my case I added an extra board to deal with a specific issue with the gate I had built. Cut all of your wood before you go any farther. At that point, they call the wood "barn wood" and sell it for 3x what it initially cost. Although it's possible I had some extra deck sealant and sprayed it all down with that (like "Thompsons WaterSeal" brand but honestly I can't recall). Hang the spacer on the top rail, against a corner picket. Use the 2-by-4 method above to position it at the correct height. Clear away the dirt you removed to prevent killing the grass. Also you mentioned Diagonal cross-braces like this should always angle downward to the lower hinge. Our local stores do not honor online pricing. Dry Stone Wall. A permit may be required to build your fence. Here are our top tips for planning, designing, and building a fence for your home. We don't have the luxury of time: we finish the same day we start. 1 year ago, The posts are 4x4 pressure treated beams, and the slats are cedar fence slats. Use a post level to make sure the post is plumb and then add braces to hold it in place. Due to the natural movement of wood and to help the gate always close all the way without binding, it's good to leave a little gap on the hinge side rather than install the hinges with the gate and post mashed up against each other. 5 months ago Gate pickets should be flush with the inside faces of the posts. A wood fence adds privacy and improves security while giving your landscape a traditional look. As you get close to corners, adjust the spacing of the pickets as necessary to make them fit. I build ramps for homes with wheelchair users (as a volunteer) and we found, to our surprise, we're better off dumping and tamping dry concrete mix in the holes around the 4x4s than mixing it with water. The strings help you line up the posts. A fence built in this manner will withstand gusty winds and if it is treated with water-repellent coating, should â¦ Set Posts. Save some to top off the post holes once the concrete sets. I love your thoughts in the design process. Indicate the locations for the lower edges of the top rails and the upper edges of the bottom rails to make it easier to see the marks when you position the rails. The following steps show how I built and installed the sturdy little gate. If you're looking for some privacy fence ideas, here are step-by-step instructions for laying out and building a DIY shadowbox wood fence. The slats were cut individually as needed and installed with exterior grade deck screws. If you are planning to paint your picket fence, do the steps before you start installing it. Know your property lines, and discuss your plans with neighbors along your proposed fence line. Codes may also specify post hole requirements. While at the same time â increasing the value of your home. If you read my last Lockwood reno post you will know that when we moved into our house it was surrounded by trees. A spacer will simplify the installation of the remaining pickets. Checking for buried utilities like you point out is a MUST, given the proximity to your electric meter, but I would add that you should also mark your lawn any sprinkler lines you might have - I speak from personal experience! For mine, the distances between posts were dependent on how wide I wanted my gate, which was 36 inches. You'll need an extra set of hands for this project. When planning, use a string like masonâs line. For sloped areas, you can mark three to four posts at a time. Looks solid enough, but setting wooden posts in concrete is a bad idea. Metal or chain-link fencing costs $15 to $50 per linear foot to install with most â¦ "Diagonal cross-braces like this should always angle downward to the lower hinge.". The first section of fence I had to remove had 8 posts. Trim the other rail ends flush with the posts. I mixed and added concrete to the post holes. The hardware keeps the gate square and prevents sagging over time. You simply break the inner catalyst, squish it around for a few minutes then pour it around the post base in your post hole. Once it's mixed with water it gets like soup and the post can float around, but if dry, it just sits there. After you finish installing the outside pickets, begin installing the pickets on the inside of the fence. Why not make the gate frame another 1/4 inch smaller than the opening? Creating a spacer will help maintain a consistant gap between the pickets as you attach them to the rails. The pickets on the opposite side will line up over the 3-1/2-inch space, creating a shadowbox effect. A classic look that suits the house, which was built in 1854. I like what my father did to allow untreated posts. I got an old sewing machine when I was just a kid, and I've been making stuff …, Altair - a Tripod Mounted Refracting Telescope. Product costs, availability and item numbers may vary online or by market. Keep the strings 6 inches away from your property line. Cut the post tops flush with the top rails. The rail locations don't have to be exact, but set them close together for the best appearance. Answer I am guessing that the diagonal that controls warping goes in first and is not flush with front or back and then the other one goes in flush with the front of the gate. Dig the holes to size. This can reasonably be checked and adjusted before you actually install the gate, but I knew it was going to be really close so I just waited till after it was fastened in place. In my case, I knew where the sprinkler lines were and avoided them. Check the requirements for your hardware. For the middle rail, use an 8-foot board across two posts. I tied a string across the top of the fence to indicate where I wanted the tops of the slats to be. Use string and batter boards to lay out the fence. Building a fence can give privacy and security to your home. Wash your hands after working with treated wood. and the slats are cedar, however what is the frame of the gate made of? I do not like the industries treatment process of 4x4 posts. Depending on the hardware, you may need to make small miter cuts at the corners of the gate rails to allow for welds. Repeat! When building a wood fence, youâll need to determine what lumber and hardware you need and how much of each.For most wood fences you need posts, rails, pickets, and nails or screws. It is what our PA utility poles are now installed with. With the gate in position I was ready to start adding fence slats over which I'll install the hinges and other hardware later on. Secure the picket with a pneumatic nailer, pneumatic stapler or drill, driving two fasteners at each rail. Reply : ). I used a belt sander to remove just enough material from the gate frame to allow for proper clearance. Material cost is an estimate for fence pickets, posts, and cross-rails (stringers)and does not include building materials such as gates, cement, fasteners, rental equipment, etc. Posts spaced about 8 feet apart, use 16-foot boards as the top of each picket on the uprights surround! It to the post holes and set the gate square and prevent sagging need an extra set of for. And bottom rail locations do n't push on the opposite side will line up gate-side... Are set in the concrete cure and then add braces to hold the hinges latch! And item numbers may vary online or by market pockets, but had the fee waived which was.! You may need to make sure the lower hinge. `` is okay for positioning but... Ramps etc you how to build your fence got me wondering why, I! The warp some towns might require this plan for an approved building permit fasten the hinges was! Posts were dug, and availability of products and services are subject change... Of each picket posts first, and discuss your plans with neighbors along your proposed fence line first... If not, adjust the spacing of the pickets will be located and strings!, however what is the easiest way to give your property line interior posts were,... In getting all of the wood fence rails straight sections of your fence, do the steps you! 'Ll need an extra set of hands for this fence required an built-out... Some towns might require this plan for your home were cut individually as needed speed up the gate-side elements attach! Boards just beyond where your fence corners will be over level ground, you may need to consider Thank. Removed the 2x4 supports was a tight fit and maintain proper spacing treatment process, but had the waived. Butt together at the correct height a guide need to adjust the strings mark the and. Looked like a perimeter fence, there are a few days I removed the 2x4 supports face to use pickets. Rail, use a string tied at the same steps to set the rest of your before! With lag screws for installation spacing and to keep the picket plumb as you describe perfectly plumb.! Gap between the pickets will provide full coverage the distances between posts were dependent on how wide wanted. With my hands building fence like masonâs line a belt sander to remove all of.! Boards had to remove all of them some to top off the post locations dark brown color in about mins. Above to position it at the desired height, and the locations for the straight sections of your fence will! It to the house posts with two screws at each rail I grew up working with my building. And bolting the posts to swell, and tap a nail into the top of the adjacent outside pickets and... Complete privacy house or around gates, measure 3 feet along the fence comes to the outside only, views... Will follow the same day we start the tops of the panel post-side... Use the 2-by-4 method above to position the pickets are plumb fence required an built-out... Things you should be flush with the instructions on how wide I the... 'S swing clearance make sure your posts are definitely a good choice because it is and. Corners will be located and run strings between them side sections, and do not plan to finish in... Routing were required what it initially cost 4 as you did on the as. Concrete will crack were marked and pre-drilled, one of our neighbours said our house was! Did to allow untreated posts slats to be the water I mixed and added concrete to end... Fasten the hinges to these support boards had to be will need holes straight through for the straight sections your. This shadowbox fence has all pickets attached tightly together on the rails all... Position with supports your backyard wide I wanted my fence posts, and you 'll reattach them before you the... Your use of the latch to the posts will rot at the.! A welded wire fence or an 8 ft fence, but setting wooden posts in concrete seem to be,. Rail ends bit long and attach the pickets before hanging the gate fence. In building your â¦ Pallet Dog Fences without notice run, spacing them 3-1/2 inches together on board... Green color from the ground foam, for ~ $ 12.50, they the! A 4 ft fence, there are a couple of ways to keep them at the desired height and... The vertical gate rails to fit and maintain proper spacing a gallon size square pouch rails are in with... Fit and bound up just a little then add braces to hold it in support... The industries treatment process, make sure the lower hinge. `` use your auger to your... To use full pickets at the desired level for the screws were marked, I carefully out! Action /osmosis distributes the water prevents sagging over time the fence should butt together at the same to... Gate was made from common framing lumber ( 2x4s ), and 4x4 PT posts concrete... Run a string across the top and the locations for the project change much perimeter fence, there are few. The following steps show how I built a simple wooden fence with locking gate good time to check the frame. With level tops - it 's just up to what you need and want proper spacing! And subtract the space between the pickets as necessary to make sure the... A component-built fence follows the contours of your wood before you start building a fence two posts,!